Posted: 12/12/2012 5:08:59 PM
Originally Posted by jesron1269:
This last week was not as good as weeks past.
I will agree. seemed to "jump around" quite a lot and "passed over" some important history esp in ocean navagation like not mentioning "The Longitude Prize" or the French involvement in the American Revolution. seemed like they tried to "stuff too much in one bag". in any case, here's the summary...
Episode 5: "Revolutions"
Salem Witch Trials
early 18th Century a "mini ice age" leads to a great increase of the value of the fur trade which in turn leads to conflict between trader-explorers and the native populations in North america and Siberia. the Dutch colonize new Amsterdam as a fur trading post (which later becomes New York)
first mass production of the matchlock musket allows the average trader-explorer to overcome hostile natives they incounter.
John Flamsteed's telescope charts the night sky and creates the "Mural Arc" map for ocean navigation (BUT they did NOT mention John Harrison's invention of the "marine chronometer" to determine a ships longitude which was probably even more important for safe sea navigation)
Captian James Cook sails the Pacific and discovers Australia, New Zealand, Tahiti, the Hawaiian Islands and charts the west coast of North America. botanist Joseph Bank discovers hundreds of plants and animals unknown to the western world.
Ben Franklin "discovers" that lightning is really static electricity which leads him to make the lightning rod. the episode then jumps to the modern "electric world" implying that "it all came from Franklin"
how "The Scientific Method" undermined the power of authority figures like the King and the Church.
The Boston Massacre sets the stage for the American Revolution. a major "Colonist vs Crown" conflict is over timber rights. The Boston Tea Party. "The Shot Heard 'Round the World" @ Lexington. the Declaration of Independence. the Americans defeat the British @ Yorktown (BUT NO mention of help from the French)
the American Revolution spreads to France, Greece, Poland, Belgium and Haiti.
The Industrial Revolution. the invention of the cotton thread spinning machine and looms leads to the first factories and makes Britain an industrial and trading power.
steam coal and the railroads lead to a quantum leap in the speed of transport. Ben Latrobe and the B&O railroad tunnel thru the Allegheny mountains joining the east coast with the midwest. the danger of being an Irish immigrant worker while building railroals
the rise of cities and the resulting sanitation and disease problem they create. the 1854's London cholera epidemic leads to Dr John Snow developing the science of epidemiology. Cholera spreading from India as "the new Black Death" in Europe, England and America until it's cause was contained by the development of city sewer systems to limit water contamination.
the British-Chinese "Opium War". opium brought from India to China by the British hooks 30% of the Chinese population and is the most lucrative business in the empire in the early 19th century providing England with 1/6th of it revenue. the British control Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Hong Kong, Burma, India and Africa from Egypt to South Africa giving rise to the phrase that "The Sun Never Sets On the British Empire"
The American Civil War as "the first industrial war". at the Battle of Gettysburg, Union soldiers with Sharps repeating rifles using Minie ball ammunition are able to defeat the Confederates using mostly muzzle loading muskets. also the north's railway system allows them to bring more troops more quickly to the battle. the first ever "field hospitals", the use of anesthetics, mostly chloroform, and the use of women nurses doubles the survival rate of wounded troops from previous wars
Emancipation Proclamation frees the southern slaves.
Next Episode: "New Frontiers" (the final chapter)